STRONA REDAKCYJNA, s. 1–12 / CREDITS, p. 1–12
POLITYKA OCHRONY I KONSERWACJI ZBIORÓW / PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION POLICY
Kolekcja z księgozbioru Hieronima Łopacińskiego w Narodowym Zasobie Bibliotecznym, s. 15–29 / A selection from the Hieronim Łopaciński book collection in the National Heritage Collections, p. 15–29
In the spring of 2020, by the decision of the Minister of Culture and National Heritage, part of the special collections of the Voivodeship Hieronim Łopaciński Public Library in Lublin, was included in the National Heritage Collections. The selection counts 5,479 items, which are among the most valuable in the Library’s collections. Their exceptional value is demonstrated not only by their importance to the cultural heritage of Poland and to the Lublin region, but also by the fact that they come from the private book collection of Hieronim Łopaciński, the patron of the institution. Apart from a brief recapitulation of Łopaciński’s biography and academic achievements, the article presents this unique collection, which consists of manuscripts, early printed books, cartographic collections, engravings, ephemera, postcards and photographs. The text also includes a description of storage requirements for archive and library materials used by the Library to ensure safety of its valuable collections.
Fałszerstwa dziedzictwa piśmienniczego w świetle prawa karnego i kryminalistyki, s. 31–76 / Literary heritage forgery from the perspective of criminal law and forensics, p. 31–76
The article discusses the basic criminal-law aspects of written heritage protection. A detailed analysis of respective legal provisions is provided so as to classify literary heritage items as different types of legally protected objects according to their specific features or place of storage. Thus it is possible to propose criminal law provisions containing descriptions of types of offenses related to the forgery of such objects. The doctrinal legal analysis of the provisions also revealed problems related to the scope of definitions of particular protected objects and the application of conflict-of-law rules. Particular attention is paid to the change in the status and scope of criminal-law protection of an object of written heritage due to a change of the place of its storage (library, archive) or due to an increase in its value (e.g. historical value results from the passage of time or events taking place). In addition, the article presents the most important forensic methods used in detecting forged written objects. In the last part of the article, two cases of forgery are discussed, with the considerations focusing on the technical aspects of forgery.
FIZYKA, CHEMIA I MIKROBIOLOGIA W OCHRONIE I KONSERWACJI ZBIORÓW / PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY IN PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION
Światłotrwałość i światłonietrwałość – o możliwościach wykorzystania wyników badań mikrofedometrycznych w ochronie zbiorów, s. 79–98 / Light (in)sensitivity of materials: on the possible uses of microfading examination results in the protection of collections, p. 79–98
Microfading is an accelerated light exposure method used to non-destructively test light sensitivity of materials. It utilises a light beam of a very high intensity to illuminate a submillimetre spot on the surface of an object and to promote rapid fading of a dye. The method allows for comparison of samples fading rates and for extrapolation of the results to longer exposure times, providing conservators and curators with a tool for assessment of potential light damage to collections. This paper describes the microfading method as well as the most up-to-date developments of the technique and compares it with other methods commonly used to test light sensitivity of materials. The core concepts related to the application of microfading in preventive conservation are introduced, and examples of different possibilities of using the results of MFT measurements in exhibition planning, collection monitoring and related research are discussed.
Z PRAKTYKI KONSERWATORA / FROM A CONSERVATOR’S PRACTICE
Hilandar Monastery – Care for endangered collections, p. 101–128
The medieval Hilandar Monastery, within the monastic state of Agion Oros (or Holy Mountain), is one of the five most important monasteries of Holy Mountain. The National Library of Serbia (NLS) has occupied the Hilandar Monastery since 1971 and serves as one of the first cultural institutions of the Republic of Serbia to collect, process, protect, and present the monastery’s treasures including 507 medieval charters, 56 medieval manuscripts on parchment, 1048 manuscripts on paper (815 in Cyrillic), 83 incunabula, and numerous other archival materials. The general state of these collections, however, is poor and is plagued by bad storage techniques. This article discusses the conservation efforts launched between 1990 and 2004 by the NLS as well as a recent initiative to highlight the preservation that has been accomplished and also the work left to do to ensure these vital artefacts of Serbian cultural history are preserved.
Key words: monastery Hilandar, mount Athos, Serbian medieval heritage, conservation of manuscripts
Problematyka konserwacji zabytkowych druków z XIX wieku na przykładzie książki Marii Konopnickiej Historia o krasnoludkach i o sierotce Marysi – pierwodruku ze zbiorów Biblioteki Narodowej w Warszawie, s. 129–168 / Conservation of historic printed matter as demonstrated by the first edition of Maria Konopnicka’s book Historia o krasnoludkach i o sierotce Marysi from the collections of the National Library of Poland, p. 129–168
The article discusses the problems related to the conservation of historic printed matter from the 19th century. To begin with, it describes the outcome of research on the preservation state of book collections in Poland and the positive results brought by the implementation in the 2000s of a long-term government programme „Kwaśny papier” [Acidic Paper]. Further on, the author presents how the changes in materials and technology used for making books in the 19th and 20th centuries diminished their durability. In 2016 the National Library of Poland acquired a copy of the first edition of Maria Konopnicka’s fairy tale Historia o krasnoludkach i o sierotce Marysi printed in 1896 – a unique and valuable bound book. In 2017 it underwent conservation in the National Library of Poland’s Institute for the Conservation of Library Collections (IKZB BN) and was subsequently digitised. The article concisely characterises the procedures used by the IKZB BN, and shows the uniqueness and details of the full conservation of the above-mentioned book. The programme and course of the conservation-restoration process are described. The conservation guidelines set forth by a special committee stipulated that the book should be divided into separate sheets, the 12 illustrations printed using chromolithography should be separated from the sheets containing text, all sheets should be deacidified, the damaged ones should be repaired, and the binding should be reconstructed using the original covers. The fact that the heavily damaged binding has been reconstructed passes virtually unnoticed. The book has preserved its stylistic homogeneity, and the added elements cause no visual disharmony. As a consequence, both the practical and aesthetic properties of this rare publication from the collections of the National Library of Poland have been restored, which makes it more suitable for exhibition. Thus the hitherto unknown edition of one of the most widely read Polish children’s books, including its original chromolithographic illustrations, has been saved from inevitable decay and preserved for posterity in digital form.
KONFERENCJE, WARSZTATY, WYDARZENIA / CONFERENCES, WORKSHOPS, EVENTS
Kalendarium 2020, s. 171–174
Polemika wokół artykułu Agnieszki Bangrowskiej „Zastosowanie pochodnych chinoliny do dezynfekcji druków biblijnych z kolekcji biblioteki Fundacji Wiktora H. Baworowskiego we Lwowie”, s. 175–179