„Notes Konserwatorski” jest recenzowanym czasopismem naukowym, rocznikiem, wydawanym przez Bibliotekę Narodową. Czasopismo stworzone zostało w 1998 roku z myślą o ogólnopolskim środowisku konserwatorów zabytków na podłożu papierowym. Poświęcone jest tematyce ochrony i konserwacji zbiorów, książek, zbiorów ikonograficznych, kartografii i innych, jak np. fotografie. Czasopismo znajduje się na liście czasopism naukowych Ministerstwa Edukacji i Nauki z liczbą 40 punktów. czytaj więcej o czasopiśmie
STRONA REDAKCYJNA, OD REDAKCJI, s. 1–13 / CREDITS, EDITOR’S NOTE, p. 1–13
JUBILEUSZ „NOTESU KONSERWATORSKIEGO” / “NOTES KONSERWATORSKI” JUBILEE
25 lat „Notesu Konserwatorskiego”. Polityka ochrony zbiorów bibliotecznych, s. 17–45 / 25 years of “Notes Konserwatorski”. Library collections preservation policy, p. 17–45
This article is based on a paper delivered in April 2023 during the XXVII Conservators’ Meeting “The Art of Conservation” organised by the Warsaw District of the Association of Polish Artists in cooperation with other institutions dealing with the conservation of historic objects, including the National Library of Poland. The 2023 session was entirely devoted to “Notes Konserwatorski”, whose first issue was published 25 years before, that is, in 1998. The paper presented at the conference was accompanied by PowerPoint images, and for the purposes of this work – in the scope of the policy of protection and conservation of library collections in particular – a critical analysis of the articles on the problem that appeared in all issues of “Notes Konserwatorski” was conducted.
„Notes Konserwatorski” – osobiste odczytanie treści, s. 47–72 / “Notes Konserwatorski” – a personal reading, p. 47–72
This article has been written in connection with the twenty-fifth issue of “Notes Konserwatorski”. It describes the circumstances in which the National Library in Warsaw began publishing this periodical. Since then, “NK” has been developing year by year and is now a peer-reviewed scientific journal, listed by the Ministry of Education and Science. The author devotes a great deal of this article to the long-term government program: “Acidic paper. Saving endangered Polish library and archival resources on a mass scale”. The program was implemented in the years 2000–2008, and thus conservation and preservation of 19th- and 20th-century collections in peril started in Poland.
Another topic, present in the first few issues of the journal, was the disastrous flood that ravaged the southern regions of Poland in July 1997, and the resulting problem of saving flooded collections. The second part of this text recalls several articles from previous issues of “NK” that caught particular attention of the author of the text.
POLITYKA OCHRONY I KONSERWACJI ZBIORÓW / PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION POLICY
Digitalizacja zabytkowych książek – nowe spojrzenie, nowe możliwości, s. 75–93 / Digitisation of historic books – new perspectives, new possibilities, p. 75–93
Every library with historic or contemporary collections of paramount importance for science and culture performs tasks related to transferring the content of the collection to the digital environment. Currently we are witnessing a constant development of image recording technology. Images come from various analytical tests performed both before and during conservation works. This creates an interesting opportunity to supplement traditional digitisation with additional digital images that not only present the content of the text, but also provide information regarding the material aspects of such historic books.
Today we have a number of digital methods that make it possible to present a historic artefact as a multi-layered object with a complex structure. This multi-faceted view is called “slow digitization”. By this term we understand not only the creation of high-resolution digital images of printing cards, but also the use of advanced imaging techniques, such as: VIS imaging in reflected and transmitted visible light, UV fluorescence, IR reflectography, IRFC false colour technique, multispectral, polynomial imaging texture maps (Polynomial Texture Maps, PTM), analysis of elemental composition by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (so-called macro XRF) and imaging of the object’s elements under a microscope.
Although the on-going projects of the digitization of Polish collections are often accompanied by conservation and research work of various scope, this broad view of a historic book is neglected. However, a different attempt was made in the Elbląg Library. The article discusses in more detail the issue of extended digitization as a project carried out by an interdisciplinary team and present a method of implementing its assumptions based on the above-mentioned Elbląg project.
FIZYKA, CHEMIA I MIKROBIOLOGIA W OCHRONIE I KONSERWACJI ZBIORÓW / PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY IN PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION
Zarys historyczny papiernictwa japońskiego na przełomie XIX i XX wieku w aspekcie metod produkcji papieru stosowanego do odbitek graficznych – badania porównawcze technologii wykonania papieru w kopiach drzeworytów japońskich powstałych w okresie Taishō z oryginałami pochodzącymi z epoki Edo, s. 97–146 / An outline of the history of Japanese papermaking at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries regarding paper production methods used for prints. Part II – comparative research on technologies of producing paper used for Japanese woodcut prints made in the Taishō period with originals from the Edo period, p. 97–146
This is a continuation of the article “An outline of the history of Japanese papermaking at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries regarding paper production methods used for prints” published in “Notes Konserwatorski” vol. 24 (2022). The publication is devoted to technological changes in Japanese papermaking based on historical source materials, statistical data and contemporary studies.
HISTORIA, BADANIA I KONSERWACJA FOTOGRAFII / HISTORY AND CONSERVATION OF PHOTOGRAPHY
Zagadnienia związane z konserwacją i ochroną trzech fotografii ze zbiorów Muzeum Warszawy o różnej technice wykonania i zniszczeniach, s. 149–173 / Problems of conservation and preservation of three differently made and damaged photographs from the collections of the Museum of Warsaw, p. 149–173
This article concerns the conservation and preservation of three historical photographs: a 19th-century coloured salt print with a preserved frame, a gelatine silver photograph pasted to a cork boards from 1939, and a gelatine silver photograph documenting the construction of the Kierbedź Bridge in Warsaw. The objects were selected due to their poor condition. In order to identify the technological structure of the objects, specialised research was carried out, including: microscopic observation, FTIR and XRF examination, reflectography in IR and UV within the visible light range, examination of the composition of the fibrous paper substrate, stratigraphic cross sections and marking of selected pigments. The objects were also analysed from a historical and iconographic perspective and compared with objects similar in terms of content, representation and technology. The analysis and information obtained extended the Museum’s knowledge regarding the photographs submitted for conservation.
The present work describes selected stages of conservation and provides information on the specificity of each object. The procedures carried out, research results, and the most interesting historical issues are described. These actions made it possible to conserve the original substance of the objects and their integrity, and restore their aesthetic and exhibitional values to the extent possible.
Z PRAKTYKI KONSERWATORA / FROM A CONSERVATOR’S PRACTICE
Znak prestiżu. Rozważania o oprawach rysunku na marginesie wystawy „Jan Piotr Norblin. Sentymentalny reporter” w Zamku Królewskim w Warszawie, 2022, s. 177–203 / A sign of prestige. Reflections on the framing of a drawing on the sidelines of the exhibition “Jan Piotr Norblin. Sentymentalny reporter” at the Royal Castle in Warsaw, 2022, p. 177–203
The article provides an overview of techniques for framing drawings, including form, mounting and ornamentation techniques. Within this context, the framing of drawings by Jan Piotr Norblin from the Royal Castle in Warsaw collection is described.
A frame is defined here as an assembly of mounts or passe-partouts, prepared for storage or presentation in a frame, their characteristics are discussed not only in terms of decoration, but in terms of manufacturing techniques, mounting methods and other features. Technology of production and composition of materials makes it possible to approximate the time of creation of the frame, but the information gained from knowledge of the historical development of the drawing frame is also important. All these factors make it possible to determine the historical value of particular types of frames. Framing materials and storage methods often significantly affect the state of preservation of the drawings, thus creating a problem in securing them. The article cites several examples of the destructive effect of frames on drawings and a short discussion of conservation works or solutions applied.
A sign of prestige. Reflections on the framing of a drawing on the sidelines of the exhibition “Jan Piotr Norblin. Sentymentalny reporter” at the Royal Castle in Warsaw, 2022, p. 205–232
The article provides an overview of techniques for framing drawings, including form, mounting and ornamentation techniques. Within this context, the framing of drawings by Jan Piotr Norblin from the Royal Castle collection in Warsaw is described. A frame is defined here as an assembly of mounts or passe-partouts, prepared for storage or presentation, their characteristics are discussed not only in terms of decoration, but in terms of manufacturing techniques, mounting methods and other features. Technology of production and composition of materials makes it possible to approximate the time of creation of the frame, but the information gained from knowledge of the historical development of the drawing frame is also important. All these factors make it possible to determine the historical value of particular types of frames. Framing materials and storage methods often significantly affect the state of preservation of the drawings, thus creating a problem in securing them. The article cites several examples of the destructive effect of frames on drawings and a short discussion of conservation works or solutions applied.
Jeszcze o makulaturze introligatorskiej z tekstem hebrajskim odnalezionej w poznańskiej księdze ziemskiej z lat 1400–1407, s. 233–255 / One more time about the bookbinding waste paper with a Hebrew text found in the Poznań land register from 1400 to 1407, p. 233–255
This article refers to Hanna Zaremska’s article “Literacy and Hebrew books in the Mediaeval Culture of Polish Jews”, published in “Notes Konserwatorski” vol. 24 (2022). It is a supplement and, in some respects, an extension to it. The history of research on the Poznań land book from 1400 to 1407 is presented, as well as the circumstances of the the identification of strips securing its binding containing the Hebrew text of the Haggadah, and a detailed codicological description of the manuscript is provided. The discovery is placed in a broader context of current fragmentological studies, including the search for bookbinding waste paper in Greater Poland land and city registers from the State Archive in Poznań. An extensive query revealed widespread use of older parchment fragments for binding late mediaeval and early modern court and official records, and indicated that Hebrew codices were also used relatively often for such purposes.
KONFERENCJE, WARSZTATY, WYDARZENIA / CONFERENCES, WORKSHOPS, EVENTS
Kalendarium wydarzeń 2023, s. 259–265 / Calendar of Events in 2023, p, 259–265